Fly Fishing is the art of luring fish to strike your artificial fly. The art is in the casting and delivery of your fly over the pool of water where fish are waiting for the ultimate meal. The tool for this art is the fly rod, the fly fishing reel and more important, the fly line.
The fly rod will give you the action necessary to cast forward you fly line. The fly fishing reel is the tool necessary to help you land the fish. The better quality fly fishing reel will help you land bigger fish.
The fly rod is the extension of your arm. It will have to be suited to your style of fly fishing. Action is the speed which your fly rod whips out the fly line. The faster action will allow you to cast your line further, even when fly casting into the wind.
Slower action fly rods tend to be whippier and won’t cast you fly line as far. You want to try different action fly rods with the same fly line weight, length, reel and line backing to actually feel the difference.
The fly line is what you are throwing when you are artfully casting, not the fly. There are basically two types of fly line, the floating lines and the sinking lines. These fly lines are sold in different tapers and weights. The weight of the line must match the rod or it will not properly load the rod.
This will give you a very poor cast as it will prevent the rod’s action to perform as intended. The casting loop must stay above the water until the cast is completed when you deposit your fly on the spot you intended.
Fly line backing is necessary to increase the diameter of the spool and prevent the fly line from tangling. Use between 50 and 200 yards of backing, depending on the type of fish you intend to catch. The longer backing will give you more line to play when a heavier fish that are known for powerful runs.
This is when a good quality fly fishing reel is very useful. A quality fly fishing reel with a good drag will make a difference whether you land the fish or not.
A simple die-cast reel with a click and pawl drag system and a standard arbor will do fine for brook trout and smaller fish. Fly fishing for bigger sport fish will require a feel that holds more line and a better drag system that will tire the fish more easily. These reels are sometimes machined by computer controlled lathes and made from one solid piece of aircraft grade aluminum.
The leader and the tippet connection to the fly is where you have to pay attention if you want to catch leery fish. The artificial fly will look more real if the fish doesn’t see the tippet at the end of the leader. 9 feet is the most versatile and manageable length for trout fishing.
Of course, choosing the right fly will provide more fish action and fun. Good luck in your fly fishing adventures.
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